Gynecomastia or an excess enlargement of male breast tissue is a common but rarely discussed issue. The term Gynecomastia has a Greek origin and means women-like breasts. Its causes are often unknown, but one of the reasons may be consumption of oestrogen containing medications, which affect the level of male and female hormones in the body.
Gynecomastia may occur in approximately up to 40% of men. Some of them have it only in one breast, others in both breasts.
Various methods are used to remove gynecomastia, depending on the patient’s characteristics. If there is more fatty tissue than normal in the patient’s breast area, predominantly liposuction is used.
If the patient has substantially increased glandular tissue in the breast nipple area, causing aesthetic problems and even pain, a surgery will be used. In this case, a surgeon makes oval incisions under nipples and removes excess glandular tissue.
However, if a patient’s breasts have become loose after a great weight loss and his glandular tissue has increased as well, the surgeon will remove both the skin and glandular tissue.
Removal of Gynecomastia will cause swelling and bruising, therefore the results of the surgery cannot be assessed immediately. Noticeable results take up to three months to appear. Redness of the scar will generally disappear within 6 months from the procedure.
When gynecomastia is removed, the results are usually lasting. Gynecomastia may reappear later because of obesity or a rapid increase in bodyweight.